投稿者「esco2014」のアーカイブ

2018/10/27 第106回例会TOPICを発表します!

First Topic   Why do people join cults? – Janja Lalich

https://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-do-people-join-cults-janja-lalich#watch

Q1 Do you know about the founder of “People’s temple”, Jim Jones?

Q2 What are the characteristics of cults?

Q3 What are some of the ways by which cult leaders influence their members?

What are the characteristics of cult leaders?

Q4 Why do people join cults?

Q5 You think a friend of yours is about to join a cult.  What would you say to          your friend?

 

Second Topic  How to choose your news – Damon Brown

https://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-to-choose-your-news-damon-brown#watch

Q1 What news are you interested in now?

Q2 There are billions of news outlets, but most people only rely on a few for their information.  Which places do you go first when you want more information on breaking news?

Q3 Which outlets do you trust the least?  How can you verify a story before you share it on social media?

Q4 So-called “citizen journalism” has exploded as smartphones, glasses-based cameras, and other tools make it easier for average people to report breaking news.  What are some of the positives and negatives with citizen journalism?

Q5 Can English be useful when you want to get information?

 

2018/10/13 第105回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic 1 Teach every child about food

https://www.ted.com/talks/jamie_oliver

Q1. What did you eat for dinner yesterday?  How many kinds of vegetables did you eat throughout this week? Think about your eating habits and share your opinion to your group.

Q2. From the speech, how many recipes will save American children? What is your signature dish?

Q3. Do you remember your school food when you were in elementary school or junior high school? Did you like it? Was it a well-­balanced meal?

Q4. Is there anything that you do to take care of your health? What do you do? (Ex, do sports, eat balanced meals…..)

Q5. Share about a local dish from your hometown.

 

 

Topic 2 Your favorite TED Talks

1.Before the meeting on 13th Oct.

1-1. Please select 1 to 5 your favorite TED talks. If you select only one, you will explain it five times during the meeting… If it’s your favorite TED talks, you can select any TED talks. (You can select any talks in Japanese, talks we have never used as topics and so on.)

1-2. Please take following simple notes about your favorite TED talks.  After the meeting, notes will be handed in.  If you forget to take notes, please prepare during 10 min. break.

・title of talk
・speaker’s name
・the reasons why do you recommend this TED talk?

ex) ・Teach every child about food
・Jamie Oliver
・スピーカーの願いが伝わってくる、毎日の食について考えさせられる、など。Even 1 line in Japanese is OK.

2. During the meeting (1 on 1, in total 50 min. (5 min. ×2 persons ×5 sessions))
2-1. Please explain the reasons why the TED Talk is your favorite to your partner and discuss for the first 5 min. of the session.
2-2. Change the speaker
2-3. Change your partner ×4 times

After the meeting, your memo will be collected. We will make the following output.
・create web page ”Recommended TED Talks Selected by ESCO Members”
・use as next topics

 

2018/09/29 第104回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic1 :  Free yourself from your filter bubbles
https://www.ted.com/talks/joan blades and john gable free yourself from your filter bubbles?language=en

1. Do you know anyone who is narrow-minded? Why do you feel so?

2. Do you have experiences that you freed yourself from information or social filter bubbles? Please share your experiences.
Information filter bubbleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filter_bubble

3. Are you good at constructive conversation? Why do you think so?

4. Do you agree with the idea that we should honor anyone’s values and not lose any of our own? And how would you take care of that in your daily life?

 

Topic2 : Is the world getting better or worse? A look at the numbers
https://www.ted.com/talks/steven pinker is the world getting better or worse a look at the numbers

1. Do you agree with this speaker? What do you think about ”Is the world getting better or worse”?

2. Pinker’s speech is a macro idea. By the way, is your life getting better or worse?

 2-1. Is your country getting better or worse? What do you think?

 2-2. Is your life getting better or worse? Please explain and discuss with numbers and examples.

 2-3. Let’s discuss how to get the life  much better.

 2-4. Let’s discuss how to get the world better in our hands.  

2018/09/15 第103回例会TOPICを発表します!

1st TOPIC
Japanese school clubs are a rite of passage — for children and parents alike.
https://savvytokyo.com/learnt-ins-outs-japanese-school-clubs/

Q1. What after-school clubs were you in? Why did you join the clubs?
Q2. Did the club activity eat up your time for other activities including studying? Were you happy about the club schedule?
Q3. The author says that school clubs may be seen as a junior version of corporate Japan. Do you agree with the idea?
Q4. What are pros and cons of being in an after-school clubs?
Q5. The guidelines issued by the Japan Sports Agency stipulate that sports clubs should take no longer than two hours on weekdays and three hours on weekends and not meet two days a week at least. What do you think about this guideline?

2nd TOPIC
When we design for disability, we all benefit
https://www.ted.com/talks/elise roy when we design for disability we all benefit?referrer=playlist-ted deep cuts vol_2

Q1. Do you believe disability helps to enhance the physical abilities? What kind of examples have you heard about such improvement?
Q2. Text messaging was originally designed for hearing-impaired people, but everyone loved it because it was comfortable. Are there any other service or tools like this text messaging example?
Q3. What para sports are you interested in, and why?
Q4. Have you ever tried to do anything as a disabled person or actually been disabled? Please share your experience.
Here is an example: http://www.dialoginthedark.com/did/

2018/09/01 第102回例会TOPICを発表します!

TOPIC1: One more reason to get a good night’s sleep

https://www.ted.com/talks/jeff_iliff one more reason to get a good night s sleep?utm campaign=tedspread&utm medium=referral&utm source=tedcomshare

  1. Do you sleep soundly?
  2. How many hours do you usually sleep?
  3. Are you a short sleeper or long sleeper?
  4. Is sleeping hours important for you? What happens to you if you couldn’t get enough sleeping time?
  5. Are there any ways to have a good night’s sleep?
  6. In some companies, the employees have a nap after lunch.  Do you think taking a nap will help you to perform well?  Do you want to have a nap in your workplace, too?

 

TOPIC2: Types Of Men You’ll Meet In Japan

https://savvytokyo.com/carnivore-herbivore-5-types-men-youll-meet-japan/

  1. Do you know all 5 types?
  2. (Question for Men): Which type do you think you are?  (Question for Ladys): Which is your favorite type?
  3. Do you agree or disagree to this article?
  4. Are there any categories for women such as shown on the article?
  5. Some people say that recently we have more Soshoku-kei compared to a few decades ago.  What do you think?

 

 

2018/08/18  第101回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic1  “The Chinese zodiac, explained”  

https://www.ted.com/talks/shaolan the chinese zodiac explained

Q1 What is your Chinese zodiac?

Q2 Do you care about which Chinese zodiac you are?
Do you believe that each Chinese zodiac has characteristic tendencies?

Q3 What do you think about the fact that Chinese people tend to pay attention to their Chinese zodiac?

Q4 Do you talk about Chinese zodiac, astrology or blood type in your daily life?Do you enjoy talking about such topics?

Q5 If you have any interesting stories or information about the Chinese zodiac, please share them.

 

 

Topic2  Why are some people left-handed? – Daniel M. Abrams

http://ed.ted.com/on/qwbsgOZQ#watch

Q1 Are you right-handed or left-handed?

Q2 Is it good to correct left-handed people to become right-handed when they are a small children?

Q3 How can evolution affect the amount of left-handed people in the human population?

Q4 “It is a right-handed world and there are more advantages to being right-handed than left-handed.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Q5 Give examples from a sport’s perspective of how being left-handed can serve as an advantage in competition.

 

2018/08/04 第100回例会TOPICを発表します!

TOPIC 1 : How  language shapes the way we think

 https://www.ted.com/talks/lera boroditsky how language shapes the way we think/transcript

1. Do you believe that speaking two languages is like having two minds?

    Has English ever changed your way of thinking?

 2. Have you ever studied any other languages besides English?  

     Why did you start studying them?

     Which language do you wish to learn?

 3. What do you think is the reason why some aborigines consider that the time goes from east to west?

Why do you think their language focuses so much on direction?

 

4. What do you think of the fact that we are losing a number of languages year by year? What if English or your mother tongue becomes the only language in the world?

 

5. Thanks to the evolution of technology, we can now make use of traslation software such as Google Translation or Voice Tra.  What do you think of these services?  Do you think it is still meaningful to study a language even in this situation?

 

 

TOPIC 2 : Why you should do useless things

 https://www.ted.com/talks/simone giertz why you should make useless things/transcript

 1. Do you have any personal  hobbies or customs that might appear useless to others?

 2. Do you wish to get rid of useless things from your daily life?

Or is it acceptable for you to have useless things in your life?

 3. What do you think of the idea that useless things can give you some inspiration to solve real problems?

Have you ever felt that way?

 4. What do you wish to learn in the future?

 5. Do you have any favorite movies or novels that might not be necessarily related to your work but are important for you to keep living?  How do they inspire you?

2018/07/21 第99回例会TOPICを発表します!

TOPIC①

https://www.ted.com/talks/stephen petranek your kids might live on mars here s how they ll survive

Q1. If your children told you they want to live on Mars, how would you say?

Q2. If we have to move to Mars, do you think we can remake culture, industry and civilization again?

Q3. Do you want to go to other planets?  How do you feel when you imagine that? Excited? Terrible?

Q4. When do you think we can go to Mars What is necessary to achieve it?

Q5. Think about the past 10years. What was the best improvement for you?

TOPIC②

https://www.ted.com/talks/reed hastings how netflix changed entertainment and where it s headed

Q1. Do you use streaming services like Netflix?  If yes, please explain the good points of those services.  If no, do you want to use them? And why?

Q2. What are the differences between watching TV programs and Netflix?

Q3. Have you ever tried a big project without confidence?

Q4. Please introduce your favorite series drama or movie.  How long did it take to watch all of them?  Have you watched it again and again?

Q5. You can watch many kinds of movies and dramas on Netflix.  How can you decide which program you to watch?  Story? Ranking? Actor or Actress?

2015/4/25のトピック

1st Part
Happy maps: Daniele Quelcia
Source:

(I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.)
1: To find your way, do you use your phone? Before smart phones came up, how did you find your way?
2: How do you find a new shop or restaurant? Which way is the most convinient or best for you?
3: When we travel, we can use the packaging tour or travel by ourselves. Which one do you prefer? Why? Please share the good and bad points of them.
4: Daniele made new mapping app. Do you want to use it? Which one do you want to select (fastest, beautiful, quiet or happy)? How would your life change by using the app?
5: What is the important for you to get your life happier?

2nd Part
Magazines fixate on the roots of poverty
Source : http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/04/04/national/media-national/magazines-fixate-roots-poverty/#.VSo7OrCJjIU
1: Which do you think you belong to the upper, middle or lower class? Why?
2: Surveys of low-income earners suggest that a high percentage share certain types of behavior and attitudes. Are there something you have a interet in?
– Money matters
– Eating habits
– Miscellaneous traits
– Lifestyles and interests
– Personal appearance
– Social lives
3: Japanese families pay out the fourth highest percentage of household income for their children’s education among member nations. How can we educate our children without paying out so much money?
4: What is the problem of poverty in Japan? How can we solve the problem?
(If you have no idea, please use the topic below.
– single mother, living only on one’s social pension, the cycle of poverty that spans several generations)

The oft-seen expression ichioku sō-chūryū translates roughly as “the perception of ‘the 100 million,’ i.e., the entire nation, as belonging to the middle class.”

This perception was never meant to be all-inclusive — certainly Japan has individuals with extreme wealth and others who suffer from serious poverty. Nevertheless back in 1958 a public-opinion survey found that 86 percent of adult respondents replied that they considered themselves middle class. (Note, however, that middle-class responses were divided into upper, middle and lower segments.) Remarkably, this perception has remained fairly consistent for the past 55 years; in a similar survey conducted in June 2013, more than 90 percent of respondents described themselves as middle class.

So if that’s the case, and the bottom rung of income earners account for well under 10 percent, then what’s behind the headlines incorporating the word hinkon (poverty) that appeared on the covers of four nationally circulated magazines over the previous two months? Not to mention a proliferation of other articles that also touch on this topic?

Take Spa! magazine: The main story in its March 3 issue centered on people who are expected to earn low-paying salaries for the rest of their lives. The magazine cites a recent report by the National Tax Agency that found the average annual income by wage earners was ¥5.11 million.

Most interesting, perhaps, was Spa’s attempt to juxtapose salarymen’s economic status with certain patterns of behavior, which seems to blame such individuals at least partially for their own plight. Surveys of these low-income earners suggest that a high percentage share certain types of behavior and attitudes.

From Spa’s survey, which appeared to be directed mainly at men, here are the top three responses in six separate categories (the percentages with a “yes” reply are shown in parentheses).

Money matters: do not engage in investments such as securities (75); do not have a grasp of special provisions of insurance (64); and use a credit card even for small purchases (63). Eating habits: they love ramen (78); they always request larger portions in restaurants that don’t charge extra; they tend to bolt down their rice (76); and on some occasions their evening meal consists solely of instant noodles (74).

Miscellaneous traits: they do not subscribe to a newspaper (91); they have no vision for themselves five years down the road (87); and they tend to be followers more than leaders (86).

Lifestyles and interests: they do not engage in exercise (84); have not traveled to foreign countries other than nearby Asian destinations (77); and they have allowed piles of plastic and paper bags to accumulate at home (72).

Personal appearance: they seldom shine their shoes (83); they chose their wardrobe based on the price or fit rather than design (81); and they don’t wear a wristwatch (79).

Social lives: they treat women to meals, etc., even when they cannot really afford to do so (86); they have not considered the prospect of ever having a wife or children (82); and they tend to be passive when it comes to engaging in romantic relationships (81).

Nikkei Business (March 23) reviewed some of the factors leading to poverty, such as OECD data that shows Japanese families pay out the fourth highest percentage of household income for their children’s education among member nations, after Chile, South Korea and the United States.

The run on family savings is likely to affect a child’s upward mobility, further perpetuating class differences. The prestigious University of Tokyo, for example, has become a rich kids’ school: only 27.3 percent of students accepted for entry by the institution had parents with annual incomes below ¥7.5 million.

2014/07/19のトピック

1st Part  Beauty and Fashion

1. A beautiful woman and a good looking guy benefit greatly from their looks.  Do you agree or disagree?  In what situation, can they get some benefit?

2. Do you want to be a model or a good looking person? Why or why not?

3. Do you like buying clothes and fashion items? What is your favorite brands?

4. According to Recruit’s survey, working Japanese women on average spend JPY30,000 for a beauty salon, cosmetics and clothes. Do you think this is too high or low?  How much money do you spend on clothes per month?

5. What factors are important to you in choosing your husband or wife (beauty, salary, love)?

 

2nd part Discussion Questions.

Cameron Rusesll- Looks aren’t everything?

Source:
http://www.ted.com/talks/cameron_russell_looks_aren_t_everything_believe_me_i_m_a_model

I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.

1. What did Cameron say about appearance? Does she think it is important?

2. Have you ever thought about changing your appearance?

3. Can we judge people by appearances? Why or why not?

4. What do you think forms our our images of what kind  of look is desirable? (cultere, fashion magazines, frineds, TV, advertising, etc)

5. Cameron says who she is on pictures is not really who she is.  Have you ever felt that your appearance doesn’t match with your true identity?