例会トピック」カテゴリーアーカイブ

2018/08/04 第100回例会TOPICを発表します!

TOPIC 1 : How  language shapes the way we think

 https://www.ted.com/talks/lera boroditsky how language shapes the way we think/transcript

1. Do you believe that speaking two languages is like having two minds?

    Has English ever changed your way of thinking?

 2. Have you ever studied any other languages besides English?  

     Why did you start studying them?

     Which language do you wish to learn?

 3. What do you think is the reason why some aborigines consider that the time goes from east to west?

Why do you think their language focuses so much on direction?

 

4. What do you think of the fact that we are losing a number of languages year by year? What if English or your mother tongue becomes the only language in the world?

 

5. Thanks to the evolution of technology, we can now make use of traslation software such as Google Translation or Voice Tra.  What do you think of these services?  Do you think it is still meaningful to study a language even in this situation?

 

 

TOPIC 2 : Why you should do useless things

 https://www.ted.com/talks/simone giertz why you should make useless things/transcript

 1. Do you have any personal  hobbies or customs that might appear useless to others?

 2. Do you wish to get rid of useless things from your daily life?

Or is it acceptable for you to have useless things in your life?

 3. What do you think of the idea that useless things can give you some inspiration to solve real problems?

Have you ever felt that way?

 4. What do you wish to learn in the future?

 5. Do you have any favorite movies or novels that might not be necessarily related to your work but are important for you to keep living?  How do they inspire you?

2018/07/21 第99回例会TOPICを発表します!

TOPIC①

https://www.ted.com/talks/stephen petranek your kids might live on mars here s how they ll survive

Q1. If your children told you they want to live on Mars, how would you say?

Q2. If we have to move to Mars, do you think we can remake culture, industry and civilization again?

Q3. Do you want to go to other planets?  How do you feel when you imagine that? Excited? Terrible?

Q4. When do you think we can go to Mars What is necessary to achieve it?

Q5. Think about the past 10years. What was the best improvement for you?

TOPIC②

https://www.ted.com/talks/reed hastings how netflix changed entertainment and where it s headed

Q1. Do you use streaming services like Netflix?  If yes, please explain the good points of those services.  If no, do you want to use them? And why?

Q2. What are the differences between watching TV programs and Netflix?

Q3. Have you ever tried a big project without confidence?

Q4. Please introduce your favorite series drama or movie.  How long did it take to watch all of them?  Have you watched it again and again?

Q5. You can watch many kinds of movies and dramas on Netflix.  How can you decide which program you to watch?  Story? Ranking? Actor or Actress?

2015/4/25のトピック

1st Part
Happy maps: Daniele Quelcia
Source:

(I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.)
1: To find your way, do you use your phone? Before smart phones came up, how did you find your way?
2: How do you find a new shop or restaurant? Which way is the most convinient or best for you?
3: When we travel, we can use the packaging tour or travel by ourselves. Which one do you prefer? Why? Please share the good and bad points of them.
4: Daniele made new mapping app. Do you want to use it? Which one do you want to select (fastest, beautiful, quiet or happy)? How would your life change by using the app?
5: What is the important for you to get your life happier?

2nd Part
Magazines fixate on the roots of poverty
Source : http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/04/04/national/media-national/magazines-fixate-roots-poverty/#.VSo7OrCJjIU
1: Which do you think you belong to the upper, middle or lower class? Why?
2: Surveys of low-income earners suggest that a high percentage share certain types of behavior and attitudes. Are there something you have a interet in?
– Money matters
– Eating habits
– Miscellaneous traits
– Lifestyles and interests
– Personal appearance
– Social lives
3: Japanese families pay out the fourth highest percentage of household income for their children’s education among member nations. How can we educate our children without paying out so much money?
4: What is the problem of poverty in Japan? How can we solve the problem?
(If you have no idea, please use the topic below.
– single mother, living only on one’s social pension, the cycle of poverty that spans several generations)

The oft-seen expression ichioku sō-chūryū translates roughly as “the perception of ‘the 100 million,’ i.e., the entire nation, as belonging to the middle class.”

This perception was never meant to be all-inclusive — certainly Japan has individuals with extreme wealth and others who suffer from serious poverty. Nevertheless back in 1958 a public-opinion survey found that 86 percent of adult respondents replied that they considered themselves middle class. (Note, however, that middle-class responses were divided into upper, middle and lower segments.) Remarkably, this perception has remained fairly consistent for the past 55 years; in a similar survey conducted in June 2013, more than 90 percent of respondents described themselves as middle class.

So if that’s the case, and the bottom rung of income earners account for well under 10 percent, then what’s behind the headlines incorporating the word hinkon (poverty) that appeared on the covers of four nationally circulated magazines over the previous two months? Not to mention a proliferation of other articles that also touch on this topic?

Take Spa! magazine: The main story in its March 3 issue centered on people who are expected to earn low-paying salaries for the rest of their lives. The magazine cites a recent report by the National Tax Agency that found the average annual income by wage earners was ¥5.11 million.

Most interesting, perhaps, was Spa’s attempt to juxtapose salarymen’s economic status with certain patterns of behavior, which seems to blame such individuals at least partially for their own plight. Surveys of these low-income earners suggest that a high percentage share certain types of behavior and attitudes.

From Spa’s survey, which appeared to be directed mainly at men, here are the top three responses in six separate categories (the percentages with a “yes” reply are shown in parentheses).

Money matters: do not engage in investments such as securities (75); do not have a grasp of special provisions of insurance (64); and use a credit card even for small purchases (63). Eating habits: they love ramen (78); they always request larger portions in restaurants that don’t charge extra; they tend to bolt down their rice (76); and on some occasions their evening meal consists solely of instant noodles (74).

Miscellaneous traits: they do not subscribe to a newspaper (91); they have no vision for themselves five years down the road (87); and they tend to be followers more than leaders (86).

Lifestyles and interests: they do not engage in exercise (84); have not traveled to foreign countries other than nearby Asian destinations (77); and they have allowed piles of plastic and paper bags to accumulate at home (72).

Personal appearance: they seldom shine their shoes (83); they chose their wardrobe based on the price or fit rather than design (81); and they don’t wear a wristwatch (79).

Social lives: they treat women to meals, etc., even when they cannot really afford to do so (86); they have not considered the prospect of ever having a wife or children (82); and they tend to be passive when it comes to engaging in romantic relationships (81).

Nikkei Business (March 23) reviewed some of the factors leading to poverty, such as OECD data that shows Japanese families pay out the fourth highest percentage of household income for their children’s education among member nations, after Chile, South Korea and the United States.

The run on family savings is likely to affect a child’s upward mobility, further perpetuating class differences. The prestigious University of Tokyo, for example, has become a rich kids’ school: only 27.3 percent of students accepted for entry by the institution had parents with annual incomes below ¥7.5 million.

2014/07/19のトピック

1st Part  Beauty and Fashion

1. A beautiful woman and a good looking guy benefit greatly from their looks.  Do you agree or disagree?  In what situation, can they get some benefit?

2. Do you want to be a model or a good looking person? Why or why not?

3. Do you like buying clothes and fashion items? What is your favorite brands?

4. According to Recruit’s survey, working Japanese women on average spend JPY30,000 for a beauty salon, cosmetics and clothes. Do you think this is too high or low?  How much money do you spend on clothes per month?

5. What factors are important to you in choosing your husband or wife (beauty, salary, love)?

 

2nd part Discussion Questions.

Cameron Rusesll- Looks aren’t everything?

Source:
http://www.ted.com/talks/cameron_russell_looks_aren_t_everything_believe_me_i_m_a_model

I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.

1. What did Cameron say about appearance? Does she think it is important?

2. Have you ever thought about changing your appearance?

3. Can we judge people by appearances? Why or why not?

4. What do you think forms our our images of what kind  of look is desirable? (cultere, fashion magazines, frineds, TV, advertising, etc)

5. Cameron says who she is on pictures is not really who she is.  Have you ever felt that your appearance doesn’t match with your true identity?

2014/08/23のトピック

1st Part   Communication or Harassment?

1.      Are you interested in politics? What do you think of Japanese politicians?
2. How do you feel about this incident at Tokyo assembly meeting?
3. What makes a good discussion?  Do you have any guidelines or rules?
4. What would you do if you witness sexual or any harassment in your company or organization?

There are two cases.

Case 1)  The offender is a colleague.
Case 2)  The offender is a president or high ranking officer (Remember they do have the power to fire you)

Source:http://edition.cnn.com/2014/06/20/world/asia/japan-assembly-sexist-outburst/?c=&page=2/

Outrage follows sexist outburst at Tokyo assembly meeting

Outrage is growing in Japan after lawmakers hurled sexist comments at an assemblywoman giving a speech this week about the need for more services for women.

Male colleagues heckled Your Party member Ayaka Shiomura on Wednesday during a Tokyo assembly meeting. They interrupted her with comments urging her to get married and questioning whether she could bear children.  Shiomura had taken the stage to urge the Tokyo Metropolitan government to increase efforts to support women. Citing recent regulations that require mothers to fold up their strollers when boarding a train, she outlined struggles Japanese women face when dealing with pregnancy an
d raising a child due to lack of public support.  She also addressed the issue of infertility.

However, she was interrupted by a male member of the ruling LDP who shouted, “You should get married!” Shiomura smiled weakly and continued amid male laughter.

A second outburst, “Can’t you even bear a child?” followed as tears welled up in her eyes and her voice began to break.  When she sat down after her speech, she was seen drying her eyes with a handkerchief. Later, she posted on Facebook that the outbursts were like “a punch in the gut” and called on the hecklers to come forward.

Backlash ensued, with television pundits debating the incident and women lawmakers demanding the names of those responsible be released.  Sexism in common in the nation’s workplace, and there have been concerns that Japan’s fertility rate will continue to drop as more women choose careers instead of marriage and children.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has attempted to fill a gender gap in the workplace through “Womenomics,” but men still hold the majority of positions of authority and command greater salaries.
Men in Japan earn 30% more than their female counterparts, according to statistics cited by Abe during an editorial last year announcing the launch of “Womenomics.”  Statistics from the National Personnel Authority show just 3% of women are managers in Japan’s central government, a number the Prime Minister has said is too low.
The goal is to increase that number to 30% by the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, Abe has said.

参考資料) フィンランドの小学生達が作った「議論のルール」
1. 他人の発言をさえぎらない  2. 話すときは、だらだらとしゃべらない
3. 話すときに、怒ったり泣いたりしない
4. わからないことがあったら、すぐに質問する
5. 話を聞くときは、話している人の目を見る
6. 話を聞くときは、他のことをしない
7. 最後まで、きちんと話を聞く
8. 議論が台無しになるようなことを言わない
9. どのような意見であっても、間違いと決めつけない
10. 議論が終わったら、議論の内容の話はしない

 

2nd Part   Sheryl Sandburg– Why we have too few women leaders?

Source:http://www.ted.com/talks/sheryl_sandberg_why_we_have_too_few_women_leaders?language=ja
(I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.)

1. What are the differences between male and female workers?

2. Sheryl says that women systematically underestimate their own abilities. Why does this happen?

3. Does your workplace have any support systems for working mothers?

4. What do you think is important for women to continue their business career?  (Sheryl proposes three “Sit on the table, make your partner a real partner, and don’t leave before you leave.”)

5. For Women—–Do you want to be a housewife or a working mother (in future) ? Do you want to be an executive or president in future?

For Men——Would you prefer your wife(in future) to be a housewife or working mother?   What do you think of women executives or business leaders?  Are women leaders better than men?

2014/12/13のトピック

1st Part Daniel Goleman:  Why aren’t we more compassionate

Source)  https://www.ted.com/talks/daniel_goleman_on_compassion

(I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.)

 

1)    Do you think you are a compassionate person or a cold person (ice queen)?

2)    Do you think that it is ok to use mobile phones while your friends or boy/girlfriends are talking to you?

Have you ever been “PIZZLED?” If so, please share your stories.

Also, do you usually pay full attention to those people?

3)    What do you think about a guy or woman who always talk non-stop about themselves?

Do you also talk non-stop about yourself?

4)    In this presentation, Daniel said,” there is zero correlation between IQ and emotional empathy, feeling with the other person.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

5)    Can you turn your conscience off like the serial killer in this presentation?

 

2nd Part : This Viral Video Raised $1.5 Million for Ebola, But Who’s Getting the Money?

Article)  http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-11-24/who-is-band-aid-30-raising-money-for

Band Aid 30- Do they know it’s Christmas?

Music Video)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i1jeiC-JEsI

(最初の20秒、エボラ出血熱患者の死体が映りますので食事中の方は気を付けて下さい。)

Official Band Aid 30 website) http://www.bandaid30.com/terms-conditions/

 

Questions)

1)    Have you ever donated your money to registered Charities (e.g. Red Cross, UNICEF, Doctors Without Borders)  What was the last cause you donated money to?

2)    Some people think they can’t trust any charities.  Do you think you can believe in Band Aid30 and registered charities?  How Charities can make themselves more trustable?

3)    You can see the following statement on Band Aid 30’s video.

“All partners involved have given their time and services for free to be a part of history.”

But in Japan, TV personalities and idols receive a guaranteed fee in Charity TV program such as 24hour TV.   Do you think they should work for free in the program because they request poor ordinary people to donate their money?

4)    Some people think that the people who help others and donate money to charities are hypocrite.

Do you agree with this idea?  Also, what do you think of the people who don’t help and donate?

5)    Do you think members of Band Aid 30 are hypocrite or compassionate people?

 

THE TEXT)

On Nov. 17, Band Aid 30, Bob Geldof’s British charity organization—formerly known as Band Aid—put out an Ebola-themed remake of Band Aid’s original 1984 charity song, Do They Know Its Christmas? The song raised more than $1.5 million in minutes to fight the deadly disease, and is currently No. 1 on the U.K. album charts and No. 49 on RealiTunes. But where is the money going?

 

The answer: It’s hard to tell. On its website, Band Aid 30 promises that proceeds “will be donated to the intervention and prevention of the spread of Ebola,” but doesn’t specify which aid groups it’s working with and why. “No where on the website do they state exactly how the money will be going to fight Ebola,” Sandra Miniutti, vice president of marketing at the charity watchdog group Charity Navigator, wrote in an e-mail to Bloomberg Businessweek. “This, of course, is troublesome.” Bloomberg Businessweek’s requests for more information from Band Aid 30 and Geldof’s office went unanswered.

 

Band Aid 30 is the most recent iteration of Geldof’s many music-related charity entities, which also include Live 8, a series of charity concerts he put on in 2005. Since then, the organization has done a little fundraising here and there, and has earned money from concert DVD sales, licensing agreements, and publishing royalties.

 

Donations are kept in the Band Aid Charitable Trust, which according to Charity Navigator has a pretty solid rating, despite the lack of transparency on its website. In 2012, the trust worked with about 19 organizations including Oxfam, Unicef, and the British Red Cross. According to Charity Navigator, it spent about 2 percent of its money on fundraising efforts, which is low; Miniutti says most nonprofits spend more than 10 percent on fundraising. The American Cancer Society, for example, spends about a third of its money on fundraising. Over the years, the Band Aid Charitable Trust has raised more than $193 million.

 

In interviews, Geldof said that he formed Band Aid 30 at the request of the United Nations, which has been struggling to raise money to fight the disease. In September, the UN announced that it needed about $1 billion to stop the spread of Ebola in Africa; a month later it announced that it had only managed to raise $100,000.

 

The UN’s Global Ebola Crisis Response program partners with a number of organizations including the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Médecins Sans Frontières (known in the U.S. as Doctors Without Borders). Doctors Without Borders says it has not yet been contacted by Band Aid 30, although it is receiving money from Africa Stop Ebola, another charity song created by Senegalese, Malian, and Ivorian musicians, with lyrics that help Africans know what to do to stop the spread of the disease. (The lyrics, which are partially in French, include instructions not to touch infected people or dead bodies.)

 

It’s unclear which of the UN’s partner organizations will end up receiving Band Aid 30′s money, or if some will be reserved for local government initiatives, too. A recent New York Times investigation found that while all the UN-approved international nonprofits have received their allotment of UN money, only 7 percent of the money designated to go to the Liberian government has been dispensed.

 

On top of the vague, we’re-fighting-Ebola promise on its website, Band Aid 30 has also been criticized for its schmaltzy production and tone-deaf characterization of Africa in Do They Know It’s Christmas? (Why is it assumed that an Ebola-stricken region doesn’t know about Christmas?) But even more surprising is the fact that 30 years after the original Do They Know It’s Christmas? the same fundraising tactic—with the same song, even—still works.

 

Do They Know It’s Christmas?

 

[One Direction]

It’s Christmas time there’s no need to be afraid

 

[Ed Sheeran]

At Christmas time we let in light and we banish shade

 

[Rita Ora]

And in our world of plenty we can spread a smile of joy

 

[Sam Smith]

Throw your arms around the world at Christmas time

 

[Paloma Faith]

But say a prayer and pray for the other ones

 

[Emeli Sandé]

At Christmas time its hard but while you’re having fun

 

[Elbow]

There’s a world outside your window and it’s a world of dread and fear

 

[Dan Smith (from Bastille)]

Where a kiss of love can kill you

 

[Angelique Kidjo]

And there’s death in every tear

 

[Chris Martin (from Coldplay)]

And the Christmas bells that ring there are the clanging chimes of doom

 

[Bono (from U2)]

Well tonight we’re reaching out and touching you

 

[Seal]

Bring peace and joy this Christmas to West Africa

 

[Ellie Goulding]

A song of hope where there’s no hope tonight (ooh)

 

[Sinead O’Connor]

Why is comfort to be feared, why is to touch to be scared

 

[Bono (from U2) ]

How can they know it’s Christmas time at all

 

[One Direction]

Here’s to you

 

[Olly Murs]

Raise a glass to everyone

 

[Bastille]

Here’s to them

 

[Sam Smith]

And all their years to come

 

[Rita Ora]

Can they know it’s Christmas time at all

 

[Chorus – all singers]

Feed the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Feel the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Heal the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Feed the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Feel the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Heal the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Feed the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

Feel the world let them know it’s Christmas time again

2018/07/07 第98回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic1

Sato MamiMaking the best of her life

http://www.shin-eiken.com/info/2013/20130923sato.html

Q1 What do you expect of the 2020 Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games?

Q2 What is adaptive sports or para sports?

Q2 What do you think of Sato Mami’s life?

Q3 Through the sport activities, she saw the true power of sports.

  What is the true power of sports?

Q5 Who is your favorite athlete?

参考<東京五輪・名プレゼンの背景> 佐藤真海弱さと向き合って

http://number.bunshun.jp/articles/-/689305

Topic2

Would winning the lottery make you happier?

https://ed.ted.com/lessons/would-winning-the-lottery-make-you-happier-raj-raghunathan#watch

Imagine winning a multi-million-dollar lottery tomorrow. If you’re like many of us, you’d be ecstatic, unable to believe your good luck. But would that joy still be there a few years later?

Q1 Have you ever tried any lotteries?  Have you won?  

What would your reaction be if you won the lottery?

Q2 Winning the lottery sometimes may not be a wonderful event.  

What can happen?

Q3 What is the phenomenon called hedonic adaptation?

Q4 You win a large sum of money and want to be sure that what you spend it on will make you happy.  Based on what you learned in this lesson, what would you do? Share the percent of how much would you spend, save, or give away.

Q5 Can money truly buy happiness?

2018/06/23 第97回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic 1 : 10 top time-saving tech tips

https://www.ted.com/talks/david pogue 10 top time saving tech tips

Q1 Please share 10 technology tips for saving time in your group.  How many of the 10 tips did you know?

Q2 Do you know other tips for using computers, web, smartphones and digital cameras? Where did you learn?

Q3 Please share time-saving tips in your daily life and in your company?

Q4 On the contrary, is there something that you tend to take time?

 

 

Topic 2 : Do you need to upgrade your smartphone?

http://www.live.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/6-minute-english/ep-171130

Q1 Are you holding onto your old phones longer instead of buying the latest model?  How often do you replace it compared to 10 years ago?

Q2 When buying something, do you prefer high end products or low end products?

Q3 What is the cycle Andrew Orlowski calls?

Q4 What kind of functionality do you want to add to your smartphone?

 

2018/06/09 第96回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic 1 “The role of human emotions in science and research”
[URL] https://www.ted.com/talks/ilona stengel the role of human emotions in science and research?

1. Do you have a similar experience like Ilona (for example, feeling “being dedicated to something meaningful, belonging to something bigger, and being empowered”), in your company, school, or some of your communities? Please share your experiences.
2. What’s the most meaningful work you have done in your life? Please share your favorite three.
3. Can you control your emotions? If you can, please explain how.
4. Do you have a positive influence over the emotions of your colleagues and / or boss? If you do, please explain how. If you don’t, discuss how you might be able to influence their emotions in a positive way.

Topic 2 “Why good leaders make you feel safe”
[URL] https://www.ted.com/talks/simon sinek why good leaders make you feel safe?

1. Do you agree with the picture of a “good leader” in the video clip? Explain why.
2. Please tell us about a good leader that you know. How is he (she) good?
3. Please tell us about a bad leader that you know. How is he (she) bad?
4. Do you think you are a good or bad leader? Please explain.

2018/05/26 第95回例会TOPICを発表します!

Topic 1: Why people of different faiths are painting their houses of worship yellow

Source:https://www.ted.com/talks/nabila alibhai why people of different faiths are painting their houses of worship yellow
(I recommend using subtitles and transcripts.)

Q1. What do you think about the project? What changes did the project bring about?

Q2. Innumerable lives have been lost in the name of religion since ancient times. Is religion a root cause of “religious” wars? If so, would it be better for people to let go of religion?

Q3. Are there any religions that scare you or make you nervous? Please explain.

Q4. In addition to religious conflicts, what kind of issues can divide people? What can be those issues in a small group of people, such as school or workplace?

Q5. In what way can people from different ethnicities, cultures and religions coexist peacefully?

 

 

Topic 2: From Tokyo to Kyoto: A Foreign Mom’s Journey of Settling in Kansai

Source:https://savvytokyo.com/from-tokyo-to-kyoto-a-foreign-moms-journey-of-settling-in-the-ancient-capital/

Q1. Have you relocated from one prefecture to another in Japan? How did you like the new location? If you have never relocated, please mention which prefecture you would like to live in the future.

Q2. Telling a Kyotoite that they play the piano well amounts to complaining that their music is too loud. Have you heard of any other unspoken customs performed in Kyoto or another prefecture?

Q3. Have you had a tough time due to unfamiliar custom, practices, or characteristics of the people?

Q4. Are you prejudiced against people from a particular prefecture? Are there any significant differences in mentality of residents between prefectures?